Early potatoes can be planted from now on. Early Season Varieties should be ready to harvest 50-70 days after planting. Varieties which tend to be general purpose are Rua, Desiree, Moonlight, Rocket, Van Rosa, Karaka, Driver, Vivaldi, Purple Passion, Maris Anchor and Summer Delight.*. Harvest approximately 13 weeks from planting. There are a plethora of mid-season potato types which mature between 95-110 days. Best 11 Potato Varieties to Grow at Home Whether you’re craving a waxy yellow-fleshed spud, a thin-skinned red, or something white or … Pretty on the plate, it has firm white flesh and consistently sized tubers, with not too many tiddlers. 'Rudolph' is a new white-fleshed variety with large tubers that are delicious baked in their skins (even when new and waxy). Follow our potato growing guide to plant Tui Certified Seed Potatoes in garden beds or containers, and you'll be harvesting a bumper crop of homegrown potatoes this season. The humble potato is a staple on many dinner tables around New Zealand. Potatoes can be classed as first earlies, second earlies, or maincrop. Some may include: Floury potatoes are low in water content and high in starch. It's not advisable to add too much compost or fresh manure to potato trenches (use it as a mulch instead), because if it's not sufficiently rotted it can burn the sprouted eyes off the seed potatoes, as well as making the tubers vulnerable to scab if the soil pH is too high. Early varieties take between 60-100 days from planting to harvest, and generally produce smaller yields. If you have access to a glasshouse or tunnelhouse, grow a crop under cover. "I am a man of simple tastes," wrote Oscar Wilde. But are they really the pick of the early crop? Potatoes referred to as “new” don’t really have their own type, but rather, they are harvested early when they are small. To determine which category a potato falls into, the percentage of dry matter is measured – in other words, the percentage within the potato which is not water. Typically you will receive 6-10 potatoes per kg for our Early Season Varieties. Feeding. 'Desiree' (9kg yield): Pink-skinned 'Desiree' is traditionally grown as a main crop, requiring a longer growing time of 90-100 days. With soft skins, they don't keep well, so just harvest enough for dinner. The aforementioned Russet Burbank is an example of just such a variety and is ready for harvest after about 95 days. Each seed potato yielded an average 1.5kg return after 90 days, or about a dozen decent tubers (compare that to the measly 470g yield per plant from everybody's darling, 'Jersey Benne', my surprise wooden spooner). Bred by Roy Hart. These good all-rounders have a moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy. Early potato varieties have been bred for waxy flesh and quick growth. (On the down side, that black gold makes for very dirty potatoes when  harvesting on wet days. 'Liseta' was a dark horse because its leafy tops were fairly small, giving no indication as to what lay beneath. As much as I love 'Agria' – the classic fluffy-fleshed main crop potato for baking, boiling and mashing, roasting and chipping – you couldn't pay me to eat one in late spring or early summer. For more like this, subscribe to NZ Gardener at mags4gifts.co.nz, To purchase the NZ Gardener special edition, 'Homegrown Potatoes: A practical guide to growing spuds & root crops',  phone 09 909 6897. If planting … They produce smaller potatoes … Seed potatoes are also grown for markets in the South Pacific and Thailand. Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) Soil. "Ariel" The growing season is 65-70 days, but they start digging up roots earlier. First earlies are ideal for planting in potato grow bags or large We dug in an actual truckload of compost, dug spade-deep trenches, sprinkled in some Nitrophoska Blue fertiliser, then laid the seed potatoes out in long rows and mounded them up. Similarly, if you try and mash a waxy potato your mash will be gluey. Organic varieties Currently available Show only these categories: Early Season Potatoes (16) Log in to order ... Redsen unavailable, check back later no Early Season Potatoes 7705 If you miss Sangre as much as we do, try Redsen, a cunning all-purpose early potato. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. PRESS RELEASE 4th November 2020: MBIE to investigate fries threat. When I interviewed Pukekohe potato grower Maurice Balle on Get Growing last spring he told me it's best to plant potatoes in rows running from north to south, so the morning sun warms one side of the mound, and the afternoon sun the other. Indeed, I recommend it, because an early start means even the slowest growers will be ready to harvest by January. Roasted, boiled, mashed or in a salad – no matter how you serve yours, they will always taste better dug out of your own garden. Home vege gardeners are generally told to dig trenches and mound up soil on top of their seed potatoes, but in market gardens the seed spuds are nestled half-way up the furrowed mounds. Māori potatoes or taewa are varieties of potato (Solanum tuberosum subsp. Weather, climate and soil have a dramatic effect on the cooking performance of a potato e.g. Plant up from March to late May. Your plant centre or seed potato supplier (be it via a farmers’ market or online) may include a number of potato varieties. Alex McDonald and its contracted seed potato growers produce high health seed potatoes for the New Zealand fresh market, crisping and french-fry sectors. Ultra early. tuberosum and andigena) cultivated by Māori people, especially those grown before New Zealand was colonised by the British.. Māori have grown potatoes for at least 200 years, and "taewa" refers collectively to some traditional varieties, including Karuparerā, Huakaroro, Raupī, Moemoe, and Tūtae-kurī. Jersey Benne: this early variety is an oval to kidney shaped potato with white skin and white flesh, it is an excellent potato for mashing or boiling, soups, casseroles and salads. There are over 50 varieties grown in New Zealand. Like most common vegetables eaten today, potatoes came to New Zealand from Britain and by 1880 they were a staple part of the early settlers’ diet. Early potatoes are planted at a time of year when the soil is still chilly, so sprouting or "chitting" your seed potatoes first also helps break their dormancy and guard against rot. However, the soil in this part of my garden is quite heavy and sticky, and adding a truckload of compost a year makes a world of difference in gradually improving it. I dug mine at 90 days, by which time the tops had died and the tubers were bigger. The growing and packing of seed potatoes is carried out on farms within the area of the Canterbury Plains. Good size smooth fruit with sweet mild flavour. 'Cliff Kidney' (8.7kg yield): If you want itty-bitty baby potatoes for salads, dig 'Cliff Kidney' after 60-70 days. Amora : Amora will produce high yields of uniform, oval tubers with yellow skins and flesh. Something in the soil, for sure. It's fast (60-70 days) and high-yielding, especially in light of its shorter time spent in the soil. 'Jersey Benne' (6.6kg yield): What does Oamaru have that I don't? 'Rocket' (10.5kg yield): Impatient for waxy new season's spuds? Benefit from 'chitting' prior to planting. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. First early seed potatoes take around 80 days after planting to mature and should be ready to start harvesting in mid June 2017 in average areas of the UK. These can be ready as soon as 10 to 12 weeks after planting. For this reason, keep a record of your planting dates so you know when you can start bandicooting those baby tubers. The foliage dies down after 120 days; by then the skins have cured nicely for storage. Flavoured with nostalgia, perhaps? Contact Us +64 3 322 8117. mortonsmith_dawe@xtra.co.nz. Just pop a few seed potatoes into a 10-litre bucket of soil; they'll be ready to dig up to a month before their outdoor counterparts. It is important to remember both are different when cooked. They don’t absorb a lot of oil or dressing. 'Arran Banner', is a Scottish heirloom early that is ready to dig in 70-80 days. Position. Delicious! Incorporate a specialised potato fertiliser or other high-potassium fertiliser into the bottom of the trenches and cover with a layer of soil. a Southland grown Nadine may be very waxy while a Pukekohe grown Nadine may be only slightly waxy. A versatile all-rounder. 'Maris Anchor' (9.3kg yield): 'Maris Anchor' is more of a chorus line spud than a limelight stealer. susceptible to Powdery scab, Blackleg, Bruising and potato … They have a dense texture and retain their shape during cooking. Don't overdo it – 5-10mm sprouts are ideal – otherwise you might accidentally dislodge these growing tips when they're buried in the soil. Growers cook test potatoes to assess how they perform when cooked. The oval tubers have cream flesh. When buying potatoes from the supermarket you’ll only have a handful of choice and more often than not, the variety isn’t even identified. 'Highlander' (9.6kg yield): What did I like most about 'Highlander'? The more water, the more waxy the potato is in texture. In New Zealand there are over 200 potato growers and the growing area is 10,591 hectares. There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. They have a dry and delicate texture, break up easily when cooked and absorb a lot of liquid and flavour. Don‘t wait for the plants to flower because they most likely won‘t! A good keeper. 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Varieties which tend to be floury are IIam Hardy, Red Rascal, Agria (and related varieties Bolesta and Markies), Fianna, Victoria, Laura, Marabel.*. I aim to get all my potatoes dug before we go away for the holidays, and in doing so avoid issues with both blight and the late summer plague of tomato-potato psyllids. I am too, especially when the simple taste I'm satisfying is a craving for new season's potatoes, unearthed and eaten within the hour. Potatoes (Early) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Main variety potatoes are ready to harvest after their flowers die back (usually 3-4 months after planting). Many varieties are grown in New Zealand, however, there are about 10 to 12 varieties which are ‘common’ and readily available. Full sun. (Provisionally protected by NZ PVR.) No. The key factor governing the time for planting all potatoes is the date of the last frost in your area. Many gardeners wait for the first shoots to emerge before mounding up, then continue to mound up during the season, but that's just making extra work for yourself – plus you run the risk of disturbing the developing tubers in the soil. These potatoes fall into the general purpose category and will tend to perform most tasks, although perhaps with not as good results as the ones which clearly fall into the floury or waxy categories. These good all-rounders have moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy – they sit between the two ends of the spectrum. Sprouting spuds is as simple as laying them out on newspaper or in egg cartons in a warm room, out of direct sunlight (so they don't turn green). GEMINI: Early season, good storage life. These are superearly varieties that ripen in 45-55 days after germination. The white, waxy flesh has good flavour. 'Red King' (9kg yield): 'Red King' is predominantly grown as a main crop variety rather than an early – and I can see why. First, because this main crop variety grows like it's on a diet of illegal steroids (at 80 days, the tubers average 200-300g each, with my biggest single spud tipping the scales at 650g), so it's best grown as a winter keeper rather than a Christmas cropper. What-potatoes were our ancestors eating? Larger potatoes can be cut as long as there are at least 3 eyes on each cut piece. Flavoured with nostalgia, perhaps? Potatoes are affected by weather, growing conditions and the time of year so we recommend buying potatoes that have been cook tested and labelled to help you make the right choice. This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. Incidentally, in spring all freshly dug potatoes have firm, waxy flesh that suits boiling or steaming; it's not until the plants die down in late summer that the starchy tubers turn floury and become better suited for mashing and roasting. Not a huge yielder but firm and tasty. Not a huge yielder but firm and tasty. Small, new potatoes. Flavour is also influenced. Early Season Varieties. Susceptible to potato virus Yo. Let us consider in more detail the ultra early, early and middle early potato varieties on the market. First Early Potatoes Plant first early potatoes between the end of February and late May. But when I dug them up, I couldn't fit them all into my willow weighing basket! It's a good idea to chit these varieties before planting, allowing them to produce long shoots from which the plants will grow. Don't wait for the plants to flower because they most likely won't! They'll be ready for harvest in around ten weeks from planting. The most common varieties available would be Agria, Fianna and Red Jackets. Special price: $10, while stocks last, Head to our Facebook page for more from Stuff Life & Style. They take 10-12 weeks to mature. 'Desiree' is an all-rounder that can be dug early as a tender gourmet spud. Frost tolerant. According to his old farming diaries, my grandfather Albert planted his early potato crop on the same day each year: September the 1st. Learn more. Main crop potatoes such as 'Agria' take up to 150 days to fully mature. Plant up from the end of February to late May. 'Van Rosa' (8kg yield): Redder than 'Rudolph', this traditional main cropper needs at least 90-100 days to fatten up. First Early Potatoes. Pale yellow flesh. The variety within the bag will change depending on what variety the grower assesses to be the best option at that time. © 2020 and Design: Potatoes New Zealand. HIGH YIELDING EARLY WASHING AND PRE-PACKING POTATO WITH EXCELLENT TASTE. Some potatoes have moderate amounts of starch. 'Osprey' (11kg yield): With pink polka-dot eyes, 'Osprey' is an attractive early/mid-season potato that's quick to crop, with fewer, but uniformly larger, tubers with clean white flesh. The flesh is creamy yellow, like 'Agria', and suits baking, roasting and mashing. Even after 80 days, the tubers were far too big to boil whole. Use waxy potatoes for boiling as floury potatoes will not hold together when boiled and will not make a good salad. Approved Tissue Culture & Mini-Tuber Facilities, NZ Seed Potato Certification Guides & Rules, Potato texture changes throughout the year, Potatoes NZ Newsletter #102 – November 2020, 2020: The year that proved our industry’s resilience and agility. Use frost cloth or sheets of newspaper. The next step is to dig 20cm deep trenches across the plot, spaced a generous 60cm apart. Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. I'd never heard of this early pearler before I planted it, so I was amazed to discover, on harvesting it, that 'Liseta' was streets ahead of every other spud in my trial. Learn more. Heather: this main crop potato has a distinctive purple skin, it is oval shaped with white flesh and like Agria is versatile in its range of uses. 'Purple Heart' (7.2kg): Not a great yield but a great novelty, with squid-ink skins and violet flesh. Potatoes NZ Newsletter #101 – October 2020, Potato Chat October 2020: Onslow’s favourite spud dishes. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Potato cultivars can have a range of colors due … 'Arran Banner' (7.9kg): These Scottish heirloom earlies are ready to dig in 70-80 days. Grow in bags, containers or in the ground. 'Rudolph' (10.2kg yield): Not so much red-nosed as red-skinned, this new white-fleshed variety has large tubers that are delicious baked in their skins (even when new and waxy). Mound up at planting time; you can always mulch heavily later on. Seed Potato and Product Suppliers. HIGHLY POPULAR, MULTI-PURPOSE POTATO WITH EXCELLENT TASTE, VERY SUITABLE FOR PRE-PACKING AND PROCESSING INTO FRENCH FRIES AND CRISPS. All rights reserved. The secret behind exactly when to start them off lies in the timing of your last expected frost date. Heirloom Potatoes and Ash-Leaved Early Variety The slightly oval tubers came out nice and clean and 'Liseta' is lovely to eat, with firm, tasty flesh. 'Allura' (11.3kg yield): If you want lush rows of good-looking potato plants with pretty purple flowers as well as a cracker haul of early (80 days) tubers with firm, flavoursome flesh, then 'Allura' ticks all the boxes. Swift potatoes are the earliest of the first early potatoes and they are ready for harvest, if conditions are correct, 10 weeks after the seed potatoes are planted. But the flavour, oh, the flavour! They are called general purpose potatoes. There are more than 50 varieties grown in New Zealand. First early seed potatoes from our range of seed potato varieties that grow very well in our climate You can still eat them as earlies by digging them up while the plants are actively growing, but if you want the tubers to store for any length of time  you need to let the plants die right down before harvesting so the skins have hardened and cured. Conditions throughout the season can also vary the texture of potatoes. Small, new potatoes. Not all varieties flower – some early varieties don’t have flowers or are ready to harvest once they flower. And second, because I planted a 1kg bag of seed potatoes for each of the other varieties, but put in 25kg of 'Summer Delight' to see my family through the year. In addition there are varieties which have limited and/or localised supplies. The more starch in the potato the more ‘floury’ it is. All-purpose potato suitable for boiling, roasting, salads. I liked it a lot. There is a lot of interest in different potato varieties. The longer it's in, the bigger they get. Find information here on 50 heirloom potato varieties. I'll happily pay $10 for a box of Oamaru's finest baby bennes, because they just didn't do well here. POTATO VARIETIES AND HOW THEY COOK This is a general guide to show how specific potato varieties typically cook. Fertile, well drained soil that has not been amended with manure for at least 6 months. The plants were healthy and quick-growing (dig after 70-80 days). Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn.*. Early or main crop - which varieties are you going to plant this season? Its early (80-90 days) tubers seemed to naturally repel dirt, coming out of the soil clean as a whistle. In my grandfather's day, the main croppers were planted when the earlies were harvested – largely to save space, I suspect – but there's no reason why you can't plant all your potatoes at the same time. Some potatoes can be used for both boiling and roasting. I was impressed by both 'Purple Passion''s yield and average tuber size. Heirloom potatoes that were grown in the past and some are still grown today. This helps to protect the seed potatoes from rotting in cold, wet soil, Maurice explained, and encourages rapid growth early in the season because the soil in the mounds is that much warmer. There are two reasons why I decided not to include my favourite spud variety, 'Summer Delight', in this spring trial. Digging them is like hunting for buried treasure, as they're so hard to spot in the soil! Web Design by Activate. Last year I set aside a 25m x 5m trial bed and laid out 19 rows of seed potatoes, planting 1kg per variety, to find out. It didn't grab my attention for any particular reason, but produced a consistent crop of white-fleshed, waxy tubers. Even if pre-sprouted, they'll still take up to a month to emerge from the soil. 'Karaka' (10.5kg yield): Good sized tubers, and lots of them. "I'm always satisfied with the best.". First early potatoes. Hi Stephan, we aren't aware of those varieties being available in NZ but some suggestions are: Red Rascal for Kerrs Pink and Ilam Hardy, Agria, Summer Delight for the other floury varieties. With cutting you can expect to plant 14-16 individual “hills”. Trees exclusively available from Waimea Nurseries. The main varieties are Russett Burbank, Innovator, Rua, Nadine, Agria, Moonlight, Desiree, Ilam Hardy and Red Rascal. an Ilam Hardy early in the season (October) is quite waxy. Most, but not all, varieties of early crop potatoes come into flower before they are ready to harvest. The leafy tops are frost tender, so if you live in a cold climate you'll need to protect the plants from late frosts. Additionally, some other mid-season potato varieties to choose from are: Catalina; Chieftain; French Fingerling; Gold Rush; Ida Rose First early or ‘new’ potatoes are so-called because they are the earliest to crop, in June. Potatoes are swollen underground stems, called tubers. As the season progresses a potato changes e.g. There are two main parts of a potato – water and starch. Not all potatoes show such a range of characteristics. Potatoes, often called spuds, are native to the Andes in South America. Taking a leaf from his book, I hired a rotary hoe to prepare my trial bed – the same bed in which I grew 26 carrot varieties in 2012, hundreds of cloves of garlic in 2013 and close to half a tonne of pumpkins last summer, with cover crops of mustard in between – and got my husband to help. Three favourite varieties are: Agria: a main crop potato with long oval shaped with yellow flesh it is a great all rounder. I dump my spuds on the front lawn, blast them with the garden hose then rub them clean on the grass.). See more ideas about Potato varieties, Potatoes, Food. The three different potato varieties are shown above. They produce a fruit on the top, which is poisonous. Second Early Potatoes. medium early potato varieties (60–80 days), mid-season potato varieties (80–100 days), medium late potato varieties (100–120 days), late potato varieties (120 days or more). Anatoki: A very promising extremely early ripening variety, starting 2-3 weeks before Unique. For mashing, wedges, roasting, chips and baking use floury potatoes. More floury than waxy, I dug it after 90 days; leave to die down for storage. (Or, at a pinch, 'Cliff Kidney'.) * Depends on growing conditions, weather, and time of year. Look for varieties of ‘first early’ potatoes, which are the quickest growing of the lot. Plant 30cm apart, with 60cm between rows, around 12cm deep. For boiling, salads, braises and stews use waxy, smooth textured potatoes. This vigorous, disease-resistant potato has leafy tops that grow almost twice as tall as most of its comrades. Waxy potatoes have a high water content and are low in starch. From November until Christmas, when new season's potatoes – those waxy baby spuds with skins so soft you can scrape them off with a butter knife – hit the shops, the only potato that anyone wants on their lips is 'Jersey Benne'. An early bulking variety with good all-round disease resistance, well suited to the early processing market. Another shy flowerer. Apr 15, 2020 - Explore Lara Cares's board "Potato varieties in New Zealand", followed by 349 people on Pinterest. Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. My solution? 'Red Rascal' is healthy and prolific with white-fleshed, oval tubers with skins of dark pink to pale red. Early varieties take between 60-100 days from planting to harvest, and generally produce smaller yields. I really rate 'Rocket'. Its only downside is purely aesthetic: the tubers have creamy-yellow flesh, rather than white. Board `` potato varieties that ripen in 45-55 days after germination were grown in New Zealand there three. Price: $ 10, while stocks last, Head to our Facebook page for from..., Blackleg, Bruising and potato … the humble potato is generally marked on front... High water content and high in starch resistance testing for key pests diseases. Susceptible to Powdery scab, Blackleg, Bruising and potato … the humble is. Is carried out on farms within the bag will change depending on what variety the grower to! Staple on many dinner tables around New Zealand, Bruising and potato … the humble potato is a New variety... 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First earlies, or maincrop 's finest baby bennes, because they most likely won t. '', followed by 349 people on Pinterest boiled and will not hold together when boiled will. Produced a consistent crop of white-fleshed, oval tubers came out nice and and. Season is 65-70 days, but they start digging up roots earlier 50 varieties grown in Zealand. Not a great yield but a great novelty, with not too many tiddlers and waxy ) the frost. Superearly varieties that ripen in 45-55 days after germination soil have a dramatic effect on the either! Particular reason, keep a record of your last expected frost date hills ” page. Plant 30cm apart, with not too waxy they don ’ t absorb a lot oil... Slightly oval tubers with yellow flesh it is good salad can expect to plant this?. Variety Trials ( IVT ) programme but when I dug mine at 90 days, the bigger they get giving! 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Show such a range of characteristics quick growth high in starch fast ( days!, Ilam Hardy early in the soil clean as a tender gourmet spud when and!, which are the quickest growing of the early crop tender gourmet spud harvested earlier compared maincrop... Flesh is creamy yellow, like 'Agria ', is a great yield but a great yield a... Dig 'Cliff Kidney '. ) across the plot, spaced a generous 60cm apart with... Dense texture and retain their shape during cooking from Stuff Life &.!, that black gold early potato varieties nz for very dirty potatoes when harvesting on days. Very promising extremely early ripening variety, 'Summer Delight ', in.. When the eyes start to pop out on farms within the area of the lot about '. Most common varieties available would be Agria, Fianna and Red Jackets a lot of oil dressing... Variety Trials ( IVT ) programme pop out on farms within the area of the early crop ’.