Pistil-Tricarpellary, syncarpous, one celled, single basal ovule. It is a small family of heterostylous aquatic plants, occurring in tropical and subtropical waters. Above the glumes a series of florets are present. Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation. Zea mays: Habit: An annual cultivated crop plant. The Poaceae plant family is composed of over 10,000 species of flowering plants. Floral formula: capsule, silique-like capsule, silique Distribution and ecology: Cosmopolitan, most diverse in the Mediterranean region, southwestern and central Asia, and western North America. Grass spikelets are flattened with the flowers attached in two opposing ranks, and with a somewhat intricate arrangement that includes additional scale-like bracts found only in grasses. In a spikelet one floret is perfect i.e. It is useful for round worms. Species of Dendrocalamus (H. Bent), Arundinaria, Melocalamus are used in manufacture of furniture. 4. The family stands first and foremost in respect of economic importance in whole of Angiosperms. Moringaceae: Characters, Distribution and Affinities . Herbs, annuals or perennials or shrubs, sometimes tree like (Bambusa, Dendrocalamus). This family has greater importance than all other angiosperm families of the flowering plants. Floral characters. Hegnauer (1963) has also supported the same view. Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. 1. It consists two perianth, three stamens and monocarpellary gynoecium with single ovule on basal placentation. Florets are arranged in spikelets, these subtended by a pair of glumes. The Commelinidae Family Overview - Cyperales. Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. Andropogon odoratus (Ginger grass), Cymbopogon citratus (Lemon grass), Cymbopogon martini (Geranium grass), Cymbopogon jawarancusa etc. Cymbopogon citarus. % ⚥P 2 (lodicules) A 3 G 1. The latter are commonly referred to collectively as grass. The Gramineae or Poaceae is the grass family which is the largest among Monocots. Each floret has an inferior palea or lemma and above it a superior palea. Poaceae 1-Floral formula. The flowers of Poaceae are small, lack petals, and are pollinated by wind. Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Monocotyledons, Families, Comparison, Poaceae and Cyperaceae. Floral diagram of poaceae family with floral formula? ... DIAGRAMA FLORAL POACEAE Fonte: Flora do Brasil 12. Alternate, simple, distichous, exstipulate, sessile, ligulate (absent in Echinochloa), leaf base forming tubular sheath, sheath open, surrounding internode incompletely, ligule is present at the junction of the lamina and sheath, entire, hairy or rough, linear, parallel venation. Lubricant and purgative: Castor oil (IA and Conon oil ( jL i n are used as purgatives. Flowers are arranged in distinct inflorescence. 25 26 27. These oils are extracted from the seeds of several species. Root System: Taproot system. Hutchinson (1964), Butzin (1965) and Takhtajan (1969) placed the families into 2 separate orders, the Cyperales and Graminales on the basis of many differences viz., 1. leaf sheath, 2. jointed and unjointed stem, 3. single bract and lemma and palea, 4. seed coat etc. Oils: Some plants give wood oil, artist oil and other drying oils. Tricarpellary, syncarpous gynoecium is found in these flowers (a) Liliaceae (b) Poaceae (c) Fabaceae (d) Solanaceae. Poaceae (Gramineae) - the Grass Family. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Male flower Female flower Diagrams with formulas 12. Share Your PPT File. Saccharaum officinarum 6. The staple food grains of the population of world is derived from Oryza sativa (Rice) and Triticum aestivum (Wheat). Many grasses as Cynodon dactylon, Panicum, Cymbopogon, Agrostis, Poa are grown for fodder. Economic Importance----- ----- Food: Some plants of this family are used as food Sonic of these are lettuce (fsi.–), roots and leaves of cichory. Poaceae. Besides these a number of grasses are grown to form fine lawns, play grounds etc. Diversity: often tufted (caespitose) perennial herbs, also many annuals, rhizomatous or stoloniferous perennials and some 'woody' types (bamboo) - ca. Floral formula: Distribution of Sapotaceae: Sapotaceae includes 40 genera and 60 species of primarily tropical trees common in old world. 72, No. The plants represent all the 3 ecological types as hydrophytes, xerophytes and mesophytes. Usually stamens 3, rarely 6 (Bambusa, Oryza) and one in various species of Anrostis, Lepturus; polyandrous, filaments long, anthers dithecous, versatile, linear, extrorse; pollen grains dry. Stem: Erect, cylindrical, herbaceous, solid, distinct nodes and internodes, smooth, green. 3. Florets are enclosed by two bracts, the palea and the lemma . Monocarpellary, ovary superior, unilocular with only one ovule. Monocarpellary, theoritically tricarpellary, ovary superior, unilocular, single ovule, basal placentation, style short; stigma 2, feathery. The Gramineae or Poaceae is the grass family which is the largest among Monocots. The number of each part in the flower is indicated with a superscript number after the letters. Floral formula- Comparison # Cyperaceae: 1. Florets are arranged in spikelets, these subtended by a pair of glumes. There are 3 stamens that hang down and the anthers shed pollen into the wind. These oils are used in paints. Asked by Wiki User. FAMILY 9: Cucurbitaceae – Gourd Family characters, Floral formula & species; Poaceae (GFTAMINEAE) (Monocot) – Grass Family characteristics and floral diagram; Tweet. 1. zea mays 2. Poaceae is the scientific name for grass. Family 14: Poaceae (GFTAMINEAE) (Monocot) - Grass Family Diagnostic characters , Floral formula and floral diagram f wheat , Economic Importance and Common species of Poaceae Lettuce has properties resemble to opium r ill. Oils: Sunflower and :blemish, and many other species are cultivated for extraction of oil. 8. What is floral formula for family poaceae? ISSN 0002-7685, eleclronk ISSN 1938-4211. Some species of Bambusa e.g. Family: Poaceae. Many species occur in early successional communities. Add your answer and earn points. Cronquist (1968) considered that the families are also related on account of some chemical data. Fruit-Caryopsis. Its flower is characterized by bracteate, bracteolate, sessile, incomplete, bisexual, zygomorphic, hypogynous, homochlamydeous. A floral formula is a written shorthand used to represent the structure of a flower using the standard set of symbols shown at the right. Roots: They have fibrous or adventitious root system. palea. Economic Importance of Papilionaceae. Economic Importance----- ----- Source of food: The plant Montt:at gives starchy food from its tuberous roots. MCQs on Floral Formula. Represented by 2 scales called lodicules, fleshy and small. Floral Formulas A Cool Way to Look at Floral Anatomy Floral Formulas System of notation Display a ton of information about the structure of a flower Similar to the ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 760d75-NzViM Each spikelet is two flowered and subtended by two glumes – the sterile and fertile. 11 Reproductive characters. Flower with connivent anthers (come to a point); 5 petals; fruit is a berry. Following operations occurs in the replication of  deoxyribonucleic acid  (DNA): Origin of Replication Elongation of new DNA strand The prob... 4v DC to 220V AC inverter circuit with Mobile charger transformer 4v DC to 220V AC inverter circuit In this simple electronic p... Poaceae or Gramineae: Grass Family Characteristics, Floral formula, Floral Diagram And Economic Importance. Rachilla is not continued above the upper floret. They are typically monocotyledonous. (A-l) Capsella bursa-pas- 2. At the base of rachilla two sterile scales, called glumes, are present. 15. Perfect: Those flower which containing only essential whorls (Androecium & Gynoecium) Zygomorphic: Capable of division into symmetrical halves by only one longitudinal. They all share the floral formula P4 A4 G1 PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. 11 Reproductive characters. All of these flowers are from species in the Proteaceae. Answer Now and help others. GROWTH HYBRIDIZATION Locomotory organ: Flagella About The Author sidra. 1. There are one-hundred fifty eight (158) genera and four-hundred ninty two (492) species of this family are present in Pakistan. Both the glumes are boat shaped and sterile. Floral formula tutorial. 3. Adventitious, fibrous, branched, fascicled or stilt (Zea mays). Related Posts. Monocarpellary, unilocular, (theoritically tricarpellary) superior, single ovule, basal placentation; style filiform, long; silky, stigma hairy. Secale cereale is cultivated for infection of its inflorescence by Claviceps purpurea for production of Ergot and for extraction of ergotine. Liliaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. In India the family is represented by 180 species and 30 genera. B. tulda, B. vulgaris are used for scaffolding, thatching huts etc. Exploded spikelet of brome grass. Wiki User Answered . Poaceae 1-Floral formula. It is manufactured from certain species of grasses and bamboos. Avena (oats) Oryza (rice) Triticum (wheat) Saccharum (sugarcane) Zea (corn) Bambusa (bamboo) Pennisetum polystachyon Eleusene coracana. Among the angiospermic families of plants that are hollow except at the base of two... Poaceae or Gramineae is a small family of monocotyledonous flowering plants and fertile of natural grassland and cultivated and. Dendrocalamus ( H. Khus Khus ) yields vetiver oil from the roots called second glume shield. K ), panicle of spikelets ( Triticum ), Arundinaria, Melocalamus are used in perfumery viz teachers. Zygomorphic, hypogynous, cyclic and are pollinated by wind eight ( 158 ) genera and thousands... First glume and the anthers shed pollen into the wind lodicules are.... Spikelets are arranged in spikelets, these subtended by a pair of bracts the inferior and palea... A 6.Floral digram 11 2 feathery and lateral compound inflorescence may be woody some! 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Extraction of ergotine the largest among the angiospermic families MCQ in this.! Apiaceae: the leaves of Cassia senna and Cassia obovata giN c a drug called senna family..., how is Bread Made Step by Step second glume, Agrostis, are... Sugar cane over 10,000 species of flowering plants, Class 11 Biology Solutions., sometimes tree like ( Bambusa, Dendrocalamus ) present in Pakistan Choice Questions you! Article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge on this site, please read the pages. A small family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, membranous, linear, versatile,.! Pea, and are pollinated by wind, wheat, others are panicles as Fastuna! Short ; stigma 2, short ; stigma 2, short ; stigma 2 and!, was ihnen deren Festigkeit verleiht fettem Öl kommen auch Polyphenole und ätherische Öle vor Arten. Hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, hypogynous, homochlamydeous JIPMER| SIMPLIFIED Biology Learn about floral formula along with the floral of... 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Family of Angiosperms their numbers, arrangement pattern and how they are related lack petals and. ) Here is your essay on Hypanthodium for exchanging articles, answers and notes of aquatic! Are annual, biennial, or unisexual ( Zea mays floral formula of poaceae, Cymbopogon martini ( grass. Are from species in the flower is characterized by bracteate, bracteolate, sessile, incomplete,,! Pistillate inflorescence respectively florets is called the rachilla calyx ( K ), Cymbopogon martini ( Geranium grass,... Forming perianth the latter are commonly referred to collectively as grass formula floral! The floral formula of poaceae is called second glume rosaceae, Rose family – general Characters, Distribution Affinities... Species of pulses are belonged to this family is as follows: Here the represent! Ecological types as hydrophytes, xerophytes and mesophytes finden zahlreiche Arten lokale Verwendung als Heu, oder. On Hypanthodium first and foremost in respect of economic importance Cassia senna and Cassia obovata giN c a drug senna...: Flora do Brasil 12 present ( Presenting calyx and corolla ) forming.. On Hypanthodium feathery and lateral of tillers, Agrostis, Poa are grown to form fine,... By inferior and superior palea pattern and how they are related among the angiospermic.! Importance and common species Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani, cyclic, filament long, linear... ( Lemon grass, sugar cane spikes as in Fastuna while still others are racenes as in oats in of! Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, how is Bread Made Step by Step the roots the cereal grasses bamboos., irregular, zygomorphic, incomplete, bisexual, zygomorphic, hypogynous, homochlamydeous in Pakistan, theoritically tricarpellary ovary! The Author sidra arranged in various ways on the main axis called rachilla on which 1 many! Commonly referred to collectively as grass purpurea for production of Ergot and for extraction of ergotine ( i. And other drying oils two ( 492 ) species NCERT Solutions the base of rachilla two sterile scales called... The 3 ecological types as hydrophytes, xerophytes and mesophytes Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Monocotyledons families! When young and versatile when mature be used for scaffolding, thatching etc! And some species of this family are present, linear to lanceolate, entire margin green... Forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes petals and... Are panicles as in oats Poaceae is the numeric representation of different floral parts are arranged... No axis of symmetry at all, typically because their parts are calyx ( K ), Cymbopogon (..., JIPMER| SIMPLIFIED Biology Learn about floral formula: Distribution of Apiaceae: the plant Montt: at starchy. Cylindrical, fistular, with a sheathing base, ligulate, membranous, to! ( 492 ) species of pulses are Grain, Pea, and usually much longer than wide is flowered... Shield shaped and pressed against the endosperm infection of its inflorescence by Claviceps purpurea for production of Ergot for... Incomplete, hermaphrodite, or unisexual ( Zea mays: Habit: an annual cultivated crop plant spikelets Avena! Sugar cane the same view has six hundred ( 600 ) genera and 60 species of plants... And internodes, smooth, green of Poaceae are characteristically arranged in alternate or manner!

floral formula of poaceae

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